Haiti's Restavèk Children: World Day Against Child Labor

June 12, 2021

#WorldDayAgainstChildLabor



In 2012 when myLIFEspeaks was first founded in Neply, Haiti we quickly came to understand, to our sadness, that there were many child slaves or “restavèks” in the area.


In Haiti, it is common for families who are extremely poor and cannot provide for their children to pawn their children out in domestic servitude under the promise that their child will have the ability to go to school, have food to eat, and have a so-called better LIFE and opportunity.


We can see a similar parallel to the “orphanage crisis” in Haiti, where desperate parents are misled to relinquish their children to for-profit orphanages under false promises of a “better life” for their children than they could provide at home. You can see the depth of this cycle and desperate need for family empowerment. These are two among many reasons why myLIFEspeaks focuses so heavily on empowering families and children, addressing the root of this bigger issue.



Washington, D.C.-based humanitarian organization, Free the Slaves, paints a bleak but realistic picture of this domestic servitude:


“Restavèk is a traditional system in which Haitian children from impoverished homes are sent by parents to live with other families and work for them as domestic servants. Ideally the child is enrolled in school by the host household and treated like one of the family. But often this does not happen. For many children, the day is filled with chores. Even the youngest are expected to fetch heavy buckets of water, hand-wash clothes, carry loads to and from the marketplace, and work in the fields—often laboring for 14 hours a day for no pay.”

Restavèk children are often treated as “lesser than”; reduced to a low status in society and in their households. They often sleep on the floor, have ragged clothes, eat leftovers, and oftentimes are beaten and sexually abused, especially young girls.


Free the Slaves goes on to explain that, “Successive generations have grown to adolescence in this atmosphere of shame, neglect, and abuse. Estimates of the number of children living in restavèk range from 150,000 to 300,000.”